What happened this day in history: August 1

1498 - Christopher Columbus reached the American mainland. He named it Santa Isla.
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1714 - George, Elector of Hanover, became King George I of Great Britain, marking the beginning of the Georgian era.

1774 - English chemist Joseph Priestley announced his discovery of oxygen. He called it a ‘new species of air’.

1800 - The Acts of Union 1800 were passed, merging the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

1834 - Slavery was abolished in the British Empire as the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 came into force.

1893 - Henry Perky patented Shredded Wheat.

1912 - An airmail service opened between London and Paris.

1914 - Germany declared war on Russia.

1932 - Mars Bars went on sale for the first time.

1976 - Racing driver Niki Lauder was badly burned in an accident at the German Grand Prix.

1988 - Anglican bishops voted for the ordination of women at the Lambeth Conference.

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