1848 - The Communist Manifesto was published by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
1892 - James Kier Hardie became Britain’s first Socialist MP.
1918 - Bolsheviks killed Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family.
1941 - Coal rationing began.
1952 - Britain scored its first No 1 hit in the United States, with Vera Lynn’s ‘Auf Wiedersehn Sweetheart’.
1954 - Fourteen years of food rationing in Britain ended when restrictions on the sale and purchase of meat and bacon were lifted.
1981 - Britain’s worst week of rioting began in Toxteth, Liverpool. A number of copycat riots followed.
1981 - After a string of 41 victories, Bjorn Borg’s record-breaking Wimbledon run ended when he was beaten by John McEnroe.
1984 - Dog licences were abolished.
1999 - David Beckham married Victoria Adams.
2001 - An American patient became the first person to receive a totally mechanical heart replacement.