Marcus Rashford, Jadon Sancho and Bukayo Saka all received online racist abuse after missing penalties in the Euro 2020 final defeat to Italy on Sunday night.
The comments have prompted a police investigation and widespread condemnation, including from England's manager Gareth Southgate, Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Prince William.
Lincolnshire Police recorded 438 crimes during the period – an increase of more than double compared to 2015-16, when 211 incidents were reported - and a 17 percent rise from 2018-19, when 374 racial hate crimes were reported.
Home Office data reveals a record number of race hate crimes were recorded by police forces in England and Wales in 2019-20 – the latest available figures.Across England and Wales, police recorded 76,070 racial hate crimes in 2019-20 – the equivalent of more than 200 a day, and the highest number since comparable records began in 2011-12.
The figure, which did not include data from Greater Manchester Police, was a six percent rise from 72,041 in 2018-19, and up by two-thirds from 2015-16, when 45,440 were reported.
The rise was partly down to improvements in recording and an awareness of hate crime, the Home Office said.
It also said events like the EU referendum in 2016 and terrorist attacks in 2017 were likely to have had an impact.
But Victim Support said other factors, such as the murder of George Floyd by a policeman in America last year, had driven a further increase in reports.
The charity said it was "extremely saddened and appalled" by the abuse suffered by the three England football players following Sunday's match.
The incident has also seen a fresh wave of support for model Katie Price's online petition aimed at making it more difficult for online trolls to be anonymous.
The petition – which now has more than 660,000 signatures – wants to make it a legal requirement for anyone opening a new social media account to provide a verified form of ID.
As of around 11am on Wednesday (July 14), 45,194 people from across the East Midlands had lent their names to the petition.
It was launched following abuse directed at Ms Price's son, Harvey.