What happened this day in history: July 12
1561 - Saint Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow was consecrated.
1690 - Battle of the Boyne: The armies of William III defeated those of the former James II.
1776 - Captain James Cook began his third, and final, voyage.
1794 - Admiral Nelson lost his right eye at the siege of Calvi, in Corsica.
1920 - American President Woodrow Wilson opened the Panama Canal.
1930 - Australian cricketer Don Bradman scored a record 334 runs against England in Leeds, 309 of which were scored in one day.
1954 - Elvis Presley signed his first recording contract. He also gave in his notice on his day job at The Crown electric company.
1962 - The Rolling Stones performed their first concert, at London’s Marquee Club.
1963 - Pauline Reade (16 years old) disappeared in Gorton, the first victim in the Moors murders.
1979 - The island nation of Kiribati became independent from the UK.
1987 - Nigel Mansell won the British Grand Prix.