What happened this week in history

In 1460, James II of Scotland died at the siege of Roxburgh Castle, when the cannon he was trying to fire exploded.
Gordon Brown EMN-160727-164658001Gordon Brown EMN-160727-164658001
Gordon Brown EMN-160727-164658001

1492 - Christopher Columbus left Palos de la Frontera in Andalucia, Spain, on his first voyage of discovery.

1527 - The first known letter from North America was sent by John Rut while at St John’s, Newfoundland.

1778 - Milan’s La Scala theatre was inaugurated. It was originally known as New Royal-Ducal Theatre alla Scala.

1858 - Lake Victoria, the source of the Nile, was discovered by the British explorer John Speke.

1904 - The first westerners entered the Forbidden City of Lhasa, Tibet.

1914 - Germany declared war on France.

1914 - The first ships passed through the Panama Canal.

1916 - Irish nationalist and British diplomat Sir Roger casement was hanged for high treason at Pentonville Prison.

1921 - the first aerial crop spraying took place in Ohio.

1926 - The first British traffic lights were installed at Piccadilly Circus in London.

1940 - Italian forces began the invasion of British Somaliland.

1950 - Communist China was denied entry to the United Nations.

1954 - The first prototype aircraft capable of vertical take-off and landing was trialed.

1958 - The nuclear submarine USS Nautilus travelled beneath the Arctic ice cap.

1963 - The Beatles played The Cavern Club in Liverpool for the last time.

1970 - Miriam Hargrave of Yorkshire passed her driving test on her 40th try.

1971 - Pickles, the dog, who discovered the missing World Cup in March 1966, died. He strangled himself on his lead while chasing a rabbit.

1977 - Tandy Corporation unveiled the TRS-80, one of the world’s first mass-produced personal computers.

1978 - The Queen officially opened the 11th Commonwealth Games in Edmonton, Canada.

1984 - Upper Volta was renamed Burkina Faso.

1990 - A record heat wave in Britain raised temperatures to 37.1 degrees.