What happened this week in history

In 1189, Richard I 'the Lionheart' acceded to the English throne.

John Lennon with a worried expression shielding the sick Paul McCartney as they left Portsmouth Guildhall after the Beatles show was cancelled in November 1963. But it was re-scheduled for December of that year. PP821 EMN-160628-132542001

1483 - Richard III was crowned King of England.

1535 - Sir Thomas More was beheaded on Tower Hill, London, for treason against King Henry VIII.

1553 - Mary I became Queen of England. She was the first Queen to rule England in her own right.

1885 - Louis Pasteur successfully tested his vaccine against rabies on Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog.

1892 - Britain’s first non-white MP was elected. Dadabhai Naoraji became MP for Central Finsbury in London.

1902 - King Edward VII threw a party for the poor in London. He invited 456,000 guests to various halls around the capital and spent £30,000 on food and entertainment.

1907 - Brooklands, the world’s first purpose-built motor racing track, was opened.

1919 - The British dirigible R34 landed in New York, completing the first crossing of the Atlantic Ocean by an airship.

1942 - Anne Frank and her family went into hiding in the secret annexe above her father’s office in Amsterdam.

1952 - After almost a century of service, the tram made its final appearance in London.

1957 - American Althea Gibson became the first black Wimbledon tennis champion. She beat Darlene Hard to win the ladies’ singles title.

1957 - Beatles band members Paul McCartney and John Lennon met for the first time, during a performance by Lennon’s first band, The Quarry Men.

1964 – Malawi declared its independence from the UK.

1968 - The first Wimbledon to allow professional players ended with success for Rod Laver and Billie Jean King.

1978 - Eleven people were killed and 17 injured in a blaze on the Penzance-to-Paddington sleeper train.

1988 - A total of 166 people were killed as a result of an explosion on board the North Sea oil rig, Piper Alpha.

2001 - Parents could see 3D moving pictures of their unborn child for the first time. The new ultrasound even allowed them to see facial expressions.