1772 - Slavery was outlawed in Britain.
1832 - John Howe patented the pin manufacturing machine.
1847 - The doughnut was created.
1893 - The Royal Navy battleship HMS Camperdown accidentally rammed the British Mediterranean Fleet flagship HMS Victoria which sank taking 358 crew with her, including the fleet’s commander, Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon.
1907 - The Northern Line opened on the London Underground.
1910 - The first paying passengers on an airship took off in Germany. The same airship was wrecked in a gale four days later.
1911 - King George V was crowned.
1921 - The first Ulster Parliament was opened.
1931 - 124 Mafia members were jailed for life.
1937 - Joe Louis knocked out defending champion James J Braddock in Chicago to become the heavyweight champion.
1941 - Germany invaded the USSR.
1948 - The ship MV Empire Windrush brought the first group of 492 Jamaican immigrants to Tilbury near London, marking the start of modern immigration to the United Kingdom.
1981 - Mark Chapman pleaded guilty to the first degree murder of John Lennon.
1984 - Virgin Atlantic Airways launched with its first flight from London Heathrow.
1995 - Under a torrent of criticism, John Major resigned as Leader of the Conservative Party and forced a leadership contest. He encouraged his critics to ‘put up or shut up’.
1998 - A Jewish Israeli woman inherited the deeds to the land on which the Auschwitz concentration camp was built.
1999 - The Bank of England launched a new-look £20 note. The increased detailing was thought to make forgery more difficult.